Security, Ethics and Privacy Issues in Remote Extended Reality for Education
Authors: Iqbal, Muhammad Zahid; Xu, Xuanhui; Nallur, Vivek; Scanlon, Mark and Campbell, Abraham G.
Publication Date: June 2022
Publication Name: Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation
The adoption of Extended Reality (XR), an umbrella term for augmented, virtual and mixed reality, has grown over the last few years. But this adoption has been accelerated with the impact of the pandemic, which has demonstrated the value of this technology. XR is becoming a popular solution to facilitate remote learning, remote conferences, and remote working. To mitigate the problems of remote learning, a trend is emerging among authorities to emphasize the potential for new technologies such as artificial intelligence and virtual, augmented or mixed reality to create engagement, providing a kinesthetic aspect of learning and addressing students’ attention problems. XR is a hybrid technology that combines aspects of AR and VR to deliver rich services and immersive experiences, and can allow for the interaction of real objects with synthetic virtual objects and vice versa. It provides for a fusion of the physical world with virtual elements, which allows for the perception of depth and perspective of virtual objects. XR with wearable devices can make the learning process more productive and even more interesting in different scenarios. Despite the fact that remote learning with XR offers several interesting educational advantages as compared to in-person classroom environments, it has its own downsides that have not been addressed in previous research and considerable research gaps remain in this area. When these devices are used in public places, they can infringe on other people's rights as well. As for security concerns, the more we live our lives online and virtually, the more vulnerable we can become to hackers. These privacy, security risks include input and output data, user interaction data, and identification of both the user and device used. This chapter will address these ethical, security, and privacy-related issues in line with the use of XR for education in the remote learning approach. In the broader view, this chapter will focus on a better understanding of the human value in terms of XR for learning purposes in the remote setting with more responsible design and usage.